Scotia, New York is an incorporated village in Schenectady County, NY. The village is part of the Town of Glenville and is connected with the city of Schenectady by the Western Gateway Bridge over the Mohawk River.
The first residents of Scotia were the Mohawk Native Americans of the Iroquois Nation who had lived in the area west of what would become Schenectady and Niskayuna for a thousand years. The tribe engaging in hunting, fishing, and agriculture, growing maze (corn) squash, and beans to supplement their diet of game, fish, berries, roots, and bark.
Alexander Lindsey (now known as Alexander Lindsey Glen) was born in Inverness, Scotland in 1610. He left his native land as a young man due to religious persecution traveling to Holland then to New Amsterdam (now New York City) then in Fort Orange (now Albany) and then to the Schenectady settlement.
In 1658, Lindsey traveled west along the Mohawk River from the Stockade settlement at Schenectady in the company of Arendt Van Curler, Robert Sanders, and his brother-in-law William Teller. Here he purchased land that was being cultivated by the Mohawk and erected the first dwelling for a European on the north bank of the Mohawk River. He called his residence "Nova Scotia" after his beloved Scotland.
In 1690 French and Indians massacred more than sixty residents of the Schenectady settlement, burned the stockade and taking more than thirty prisoners. Due to kindness earlier shown to the French by the Lindsey family their home "Nova Scotia" now owned by John Alexander Glen, son of Alexander Lindsey Glen, became a safe haven for many of the survivors.
In 1713, it became necessary to relocate "Nova Scotia" from its original location on the riverbank, because the Mohawk River channel had shifted to the north causing flooding damaged to the building. Using material from the old house, John Glen built what has today become the Glen Sanders Mansion. The one-room building that Glen constructed is the kitchen of the present mansion. Later additions added a hall and three rooms. The original Dutch gambrel roof is still intact.
Between 1658 and 1713, a small village grew around the Nova Scotia Mansion taking the name of "Scotia". The town of Glenville was incorporated on April 14, 1820 and named for the Glen family.
Abraham Glen, Alexander Lindsey Glen's grandson built his home on what is now Mohawk Avenue. The main house was built in 1730, with small additions coming in the years following. Upon Abraham's death, the house was purchased by the Charles and James Collins family, who occupied the house for 80 years.
The Abraham Glen House and the park area behind it were deeded by the Collins estate to the village of Scotia in 1928. The house became the Scotia Public Library in 1929.
Scotia produced over 1 million brooms annually in the 1800s. In the 1900s, Scotia became a thriving bedroom community for employees of companies such as General Electric. During World War II the Scotia Naval Supply Depot (1942-1971) employed over 2000 workers.
As of the 2000 census there were 7,958 people, 3,234 homes, and 2,015 families living in the village.
The population density was 4,661 people per sq. mi. There were 3,410 housing units at an average density of 1,998 per sq. mi. The racial makeup of the village was 97% Caucasian, less than 1% African American, 1% Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2% of the population.
There were 3,234 households of which 34% had children under the age of 18 at home, 47% were married couples, 12% had a female householder, and 37% were non-traditional families. 33% of all households were made up of single individuals and 14% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 3.04. The village population had 26% under the age of 18, 6% from 18 to 24, 30% from 25 to 44, 22% from 45 to 64, and 17% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 85 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97 males.
The median income for a household in Scotia was $42,030, and the median income for a family was $51,459. Males had a median income of $38,073 versus $27,956 for females. The per capita income for the village was $20,385. About 6% of families and 6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9% of those under age 18 and 6% of those age 65 or over.