Schenectady, New York Profile
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Schenectady NY City Hall

Schenectady NY City Hall Photographed In: Schenectady, New York. . . Description: 105 Jay Street 12305. Built between 1931 and 1933 designed by architects McKim, Mead, and White in the Federal Style

The Stockade

Schenectady NY Stockade Photographed In: Schenectady, New York . . . Description: The Stockade is located in the northwest corner of the city on the south bank of the Mohawk River. It is the oldest neighborhood in the city, continuously inhabited for over 300 years

Schenectady, New York

Real Estate

Typical Home for Sale in Schenectady, NY

Schenectady NY Houses for Sale Photographed In: Schenectady, New York . . . Description: Victorian 4 Bedroom, 2 Bath

Historic Home in Schenectady, NY

Home for Sale in the Schenectady Stockade Photographed In: Schenectady, New York . . . Description: Historic Stockade Home 2 Bedrooms, 1 Bath
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History, Demographics, Climate, Geography of Schenectady, New York

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City of Schenectady, NY Official Website

Schenectady, New York is the capital of Schenectady County and is the northern point of the tri-cities of Albany, Troy and Schenectady with an area of 11 sq. mi. (28 sq. kilometers) of near the junction of the Mohawk and Hudson rivers.

History

The first residents of area that is now Schenectady were probably the remnants of the Mohican tribe of the Iroquois Nation before being pushed east of the Hudson River by the Mohawk tribes who generally settled the regions further west that is now the Town of Glenville where the land was more suitable for cultivating maze (Indian corn), Squash and beans that were the staples of the Native American diet along with fish and game, nuts and berries.

When settlers from Holland arrived in the area in the mid to late 1600s, the Mohawk called the settlement at Fort Orange "Schau-naugh-ta-da", meaning "over the pine plains." To the Dutch, however, the name actually meant “before the pine plains” referring to the bend in the Mohawk River where the city lies today.

In 1684 Arent Van Curler of Nijkerk in the Netherland was granted letters patent to Schenectady although the region had been inhabited by Europeans since 1661.

Six years later on February 8, 1690 during King William's War the town was attacked and overrun by forces of France and their Indian allies who burned the town and killed all but 60 of the residents.

During the American Revolutionary War the local unit of the 2nd Albany County Militia fought the Battle of Saratoga and against Loyalist troops.

In 1765, Schenectady was incorporated as a borough and chartered as a city in 1798.

In 1887 Thomas Edison moved his Edison Machine Works to Schenectady. In 1892, Schenectady became the headquarters of the General Electric Company.

The city was known as "The City that Lights and Hauls the World"--a referencing the Edison Electric Company and the American Locomotive Company.

Demographics

As of census of 2010, there were 66,136 people (down from 96,000 in 1950), 26,266 households, and 14,050 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,096.7 people per sq. mi. There were 30,271 homes with an average density of 2,790.6 per sq. mi. The racial makeup of the city was 59% Caucasion, 24% African American, less than 1% Native American, 2% Asian, 8% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14% of the population. There is a growing Guyanese population in the area. The top ancestries self-identified by people on the census are Italian (13%), Guyanese (12%), Irish (12%), Puerto Rican (10%), German (8%), English (6%), Polish (5%), French (4%). These reflect historic and early 20th-century immigration, as well as that since the late 20th century.

Union College 1880

Schenectady NY Union College 1880 Illustrated In: Schenectady, New York . . . Description: Union College is a private liberal arts college founded in 1795. it was the first college chartered by New York State. Union became the Mother of Fraternities when three of the earliest frats were established. After 175 years as a traditional all-male institution, Union began enrolling women in 1970.

Village of Schenectady 1690

Schenectady NY Historical Illustrated In: Schenectady, New York . . . Description: The Stockade contains a plethora of Dutch and English 17th-18th century buildings. The National Park Service has described it as "the highest concentration of historic period homes in the country," with over 40 buildings older than 200 years. The Stockade was New York's first local historic district when it was recognized by the city council in 1962

The Schenectady Massacre

Schenectady NY Massacre 1690 Photographed In: Schenectady, New York . . . Description: The Schenectady Massacre was a Canadian attack against the Stockade on February 8th 1690. A party of more than 200 Canadians and allied Mohawk, Sault, and Algonquin warriors attacked the defenseless community, burning most of the homes, and killing or capturing most of its inhabitants. 60 residents were killed, including 11 slaves. About 60 residents were spared, including 20 Mohawks.

Schenectady Locomotive Works 1870

Schenectady NY Locomotive Works 1870 Photographed In: Schenectady, New York . . . Description: The Schenectady Locomotive Works built locomotives from 1848 through its merger into American Locomotive Company (Alco) in 1901. One of the best-known locomotives built here was Central Pacific Railroad Jupiter. It was one of two locomotives to take part in the "Golden Spike Ceremony" to celebrate the completion of the First Transcontinental Railroad

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