(above) Glenville, NY Riverfront (below) Rainbow over the Mohawk River
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Glenville is a town in Schenectady County, New York, United States. Including the village of Scotia, the town of Glenville is that part of Schenectady County north of the Mohawk River.
The town has a total area of 50.7 sq. mi. of which 49.2 sq. mi. is land and 1.5 sq. mi. is water.
The first residents of Glenville were the Mohawk Native Americans of the Iroquois Nation who had lived in the area west of what would become Schenectady and Niskayuna for a thousand years. The tribe engaging in hunting, fishing, and agriculture, growing maze (corn) squash, and beans to supplement their diet of game, fish, berries, roots, and bark.
Alexander Lindsey (now known as Alexander Lindsey Glen) was born in Inverness, Scotland in 1610. He left his native land as a young man due to religious persecution traveling to Holland then to New Amsterdam (now New York City) then in Fort Orange (now Albany) and then to the Schenectady settlement.
In 1658, Lindsey traveled west along the Mohawk River from the Stockade settlement at Schenectady in the company of Arendt Van Curler, Robert Sanders, and his brother-in-law William Teller. Here he purchased land that was being cultivated by the Mohawk and erected the first dwelling for a European on the north bank of the Mohawk River. He called his residence "Nova Scotia" after his beloved Scotland.
In 1690 French and Indians massacred more than sixty residents of the Schenectady settlement, burned the stockade and taking more than thirty prisoners. Due to kindness earlier shown to the French by the Lindsey family their home "Nova Scotia" now owned by John Alexander Glen, son of Alexander Lindsey Glen, became a safe haven for many of the survivors.
In 1713, it became necessary to relocate "Nova Scotia" from its original location on the riverbank, because the Mohawk River channel had shifted to the north causing flooding damaged to the building. Using material from the old house, John Glen built what has today become the Glen Sanders Mansion. The one-room building that Glen constructed is the kitchen of the present mansion. Later additions added a hall and three rooms. The original Dutch gambrel roof is still intact.
Between 1658 and 1713, a small village grew around the Nova Scotia Mansion taking the name of "Scotia". The town of Glenville was incorporated on April 14, 1820 and named for the Glen family.
Abraham Glen, Alexander Lindsey Glen's grandson built his home on what is now Mohawk Avenue. The main house was built in 1730, with small additions coming in the years following. Upon Abraham's death, the house was purchased by the Charles and James Collins family, who occupied the house for 80 years.
The Abraham Glen House and the park area behind it were deeded by the Collins estate to the village of Scotia in 1928. The house became the Scotia Public Library in 1929.
At the 2000 census the population was 28,184 persons, 11,150 homes, with 7,827 families residing in the town. The population density was 565 persons per sq. mi. The average housing density of 232.2 per sq. mi.
The ethnicity of the town was 97% Caucasian, less than 1% African American, less than 1% Native American, Asian, Pacific Islander, other races, and 1% Hispanic or Latino.
There were 11,151 households of which 31% had children under the age of 18 at home, 59% were married couples , 8% had a female householder, and 30% were non-families. 26% householders were single and 12% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.95. The population consisted of 24% under the age of 18, 5% from 18 to 24, 26% from 25 to 44, 26% from 45 to 64, and 19% who were 65 years of age or older. The average median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 91.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.8 males.
The average median income for a household in the town was $52,383, and the median income for a family was $62,579. Males had a median income of $42,982 versus $29,218 for females. The per capita income for the town was $24,796.
Abraham Glen House now the Scotia Library
Schenectady Settlement and Stockade Map 1750
Glen Sanders House 1713
In 1835 J. Hoffman Bought the ferry rights from Harmanus Vedder